Pedagogy Of Physical Science Methodology | DSC TET by VIDEO_CREDITS

Course Overview

Course Details:

  • Content: The course has been formed topic wise. Each topic will be having digital recorded videos, materials and online tests.
  • Content Updates: At regular intervals, we will add new videos and online exams to the existing content and it will be informed to all registered users through e-mails.
  • Live Sessions: We will conduct Interactive Live Sessions for each course we offer, during these sessions students can get clarify their doubts.

Nowadays internet is making a path breaking change in various fields and even education is not free from its influence. In fact, it has transmuted the concept of tutoring within a brief span of time. At Kautilya Career Catalyst, we have an online platform to enable students to attend lectures in the comfort at their homes or work places. We are here to provide guidance and coaching of utmost quality in a scientific manner through systematic modern techniques. In fact, the rapid development in the field of online tutoring is diminishing the difference between online tutoring and real time tutoring. This mode of teaching as well as learning is highly convenient. A broadband connection and a headset are all that are needed for the purpose of online learning. At Kautilya Career Catalyst, we provide systematically complete package pertaining to  TGT PHYSICAL SCIENCES course you are registered to including

  •     Pre-recorded videos[Complete Syllabus ]
  •     HARD COPY BOOKS  ( we will courier with in Telangana )

Objective :

Kautilya Career Catalyst is looking forward to prepare candidates with quality and meaningful tutoring experience to assist them in becoming proficient in General Studies and General Abilities the areas essential to excel in all aspects of life. We with our mission statement wish to create a dynamic and sustainable setup of new age teaching methodology where the candidate is guided to use modern day technology but with the traditional approach of teaching.

We are bringing the online training services at your doorstep. Web based tools provide many ways to increase communication between class members and faculty, including video streaming, discussion boards, chats and e-mails. These elements increase student motivation and participation in class discussion. Through discussion boards and chat, each student can view another student's answers and learn through the exposure to different perspective. Web based communication tools give all students a reinforce sense of equality. We assure that if they attend classes regularly & and memories the study material we provide, they must reach to their GOAL.

System Requirements :

  •   Web Browser: FireFox 39.0+, Chrome 43+
  •   Operating System: Windows, OS X, Linux, Ubuntu
  •   Internet: Good Internet Connectivity

Main Examination Syllabus for the post of Trained Graduate Teacher in Residential Educational Institution Societies


Paper-I : Pedagogy of Physical Sciences


1.    The Nature of Physical Sciences and its Historical Development including the contributions of important Physicists and Chemists given in the school textbooks. Importance of Physical Sciences in School Curriculum


2.    Values, Aims and Objectives of Teaching Physical Sciences


3.    Child Development; Psychology of Teaching and Learning Physical Sciences


4.    Physical Sciences Curriculum : Construction ,Organization and Development


5.    Approaches, Methods and Techniques of Teaching Physical Sciences with special reference to Measurement, units and dimensions; Natural Resources, Our Universe; Natural Phenomenon (Light; Heat; and Sound); Mechanics; Magnetism; Electricity and Electro Magnetism ;Modern Physics; Electronics and Communication; Matter; Chemical Reactions; Acids and Bases; Atomic Structure; Periodic Classification of Elements; Chemical Bonding; Carbon and its Compounds; and Metallurgy; Environmental Chemistry


6.    Planning for Effective Instruction in Physical Sciences: Different Plans and Designing Learning Experiences.


7.    Learning Resources and Designing Instructional Material in Physical Sciences; Physical Science Labs; Teaching Aids ; Textbooks; ICT in Physical Sciences


8.    Measurement and Evaluation in Physical Sciences : Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) ; Tools and Techniques of Evaluation; Achievement and Diagnostic Tests.


9.    Learning Disabilities/Difficulties and Education of Exceptional/ Disabled Children in Physical Sciences


10. Physical Sciences and Everyday Life; Non-formal Physical Sciences Education.



Paper-II: Physical Sciences



I. Measurements, Units and Dimensions:


Need of measurement in daily of units. Units and dimentions, Significance of accuracy in measurement. Measuring instruments; Types of errors in measurements - mean absolute relative percentage errors; Fundamental and derived physical quantities. Rules for writing units in SI, derived units SI, Multiples and submultiples of SI units; Dimensional formulae and dimensional equations, dimensionless quantities; principle of homogeneity of dimensions. Application of dimensional analysis.


II. Natural Resources – Air and Water:


Composition of air, atmospheric pressure, the consequences of air pollution, ways to reduce air pollution. Winds, cyclones, natural calamities and management of their bad consequences, Composition of water, water cycle, change of phase, Latent Heat. Forms of water in atmosphere, boiling, melting, water pollution and hardness of water. How to handle the shortage of drinking water? Methods of increasing ground water levels.


III. Our Universe:


Need to develop the Habit of Night sky observation, How to differentiate constellations with zodiac signs, study of solar system, different laws pertaining to the motion of celestial bodies and ways of measuring the distances in space. Principles of launching of satellites and their applications in day to day life.


IV Natural Phenomenon:


i.   Light: Nature of light, Theories of light, Fermat principle, Reflection – its laws. Image formation in plane and spherical mirrors.Rules for Ray diagrams and Formula for spherical mirrors – focal length and sign convention.Application of mirrors. Properties of Light and Laws; Electro Magnetic spectra,


ii.  Heat: Heat as energy- sources of heat, Transmission of heat, Expansion of solids, liquids and gases.Temperature (based on thermal equilibrium), Different Scales of Temperature-measurement Different type of Thermometers and their construction. Calorimetry, Applications of Specific heat, Latent heat.Anomalous expansion of water and it significance in nature.Combustion, Calorific value, specific heat of gases.


iii.  Sound: Sources of sound. Noise and music. Musical instruments. Propagation of sound.Velocity of sound in different media / substances.Characteristics of sound.Structure of human ear – in Auditory aspect.Reflection of sound, echo, Resonance, Sonar and Doppler effect. Simple Harmonic Motion.


V. Mechanics:


Application of Simple Machines in daily life situations.Scalars and Vectors.Free Body Diagram. All types of motion.Different types of Forces.Different types of frictions and effects of friction.Newton’s laws of motion. Momentum. Equations of motion (under gravity and freely falling), projectile. Range. Laws of Floatation. Different laws of fluids.Different types of Energies. Conservation of energy, Work and Power. Work energy theorem. Center of mass. Centre of gravity for regular and irregular objects. Stability and Equilibrium.Universal law of Gravitation.Relation between ‘g’ and ‘G’.Circular motion, Frame of reference, Kepler’s Laws. Elasticity and Hooke’s Law


VI. Magnetism:


Types of Magnets, Identification of Magnetic and Non-magnetic substances, magnetic field, Uniform and non uniform magnetic fields. Magnetic induction. Magnetic lines of force.Terrestrial magnetism–Terrestrial magnetic field. Geo magnetism. Uses of Magnetism; Dip, Declination Magnetic pole strength, Magnetic moment.Inverse square law of magnetism.Magnetic properties of materials and their classification.Domine theory.

VII. Electricity & Electro Magnetism:


Electric charge, field, electric intensity, electric potential, potential difference.Simple Electric Circuits and precautionary measures. House hold circuits. Conductors, Non conductors / Insulators, Coulomb’s inverse square law.Primary and secondary Cells.Ohm’s Law - its limitations.Resistances in series and parallel, Emf of a circuit; Specific resistance.Kirchhoff’s laws. Relation between electric potential and Electric energy, electric Power (wattage), House hold and Industrial power saving. Heating effect of electric current, and Joule’s law. Lighting and Working of lightning conductor, Prevention and control of damage due to lightning. Earthing in electrical appliances. Magnetic field due to currents carrying wire, Ampere’s law, circular loop and Solenoid. Magnetic force on moving charged particle and long straight conductors.Fleming’s left hand rule, Electric motor. Electromagnetic induction – Faraday’s law Electromagnetic flux. Lentz law, Generators and Alternating Currents. Inductance – self, mutual inductance and principles of transformer.


VIII. Modern Physics:


Discharge of Electricity through gases, Discharge tube phenomena, Cathode rays, Properties of Cathode rays, Anode rays and their properties; X-rays; Atomic models: JJ Thomson, Rutherford and Bohr’s models. Atomic nucleus and its structure. Atomic models: Mass defect; Radio Activity- Discovery, properties of alpha, beta, and gamma radiations. Applications of alpha, beta, and gamma radiations, Radioactive transformations, alpha, beta decays, Half life period, Isotopes, Isobars, and Isotones.


Radioactive transmutation-artificial radioactivity; radio isotopes and their uses in different fields; radioactive series; Chain and controlled nuclear reactions; Fission and fusion of nuclei - atomic bomb and hydrogen bomb.


IX. Electronics and Communications:


Semi conductors – intrinsic and extrinsic; band theory; diode, p-n junction characteristics. Transistor – pnp & npn characteristics and uses. Ziner Diode characteristics. Simple electronic circuits, Logic gates - applications. Importance of ICT Block diagram of computer and its parts Input devices, process and output devices, applications of computersCommunication: components of Communication. Basic terminology used in electronic communication system. Band width of transmission medium, propagation, modulation and demodulation.


X. Matter:


States of matter.Elements, Compounds and Mixtures.Methods of separation of mixtures. Chromatography. Behavior of gases; measurable properties of gases; gas laws.Mole concept. Dolton, Avogadro, Berzelius laws.


XI. Chemical Reactions:


Physical and chemical changes.Types of Chemical reactions; daily applications.Laboratory preparation of different gases.Physical and Chemical properties various compounds. Chemical calculations. Sources of common salt. Common salt – as a raw material for other chemicals (NaOH, Bleaching powder, baking soda, washing soda, and their uses, Plaster of Paris)


XII. Acids and Bases, Salts:

Preparation, properties, Strength and uses of Acids & Bases. Neutralization. Preparation, properties, nature and uses of different Salts.Water of crystallization.Complex, Neutral and double salts.Oxidation and Reduction, Rancidity. Identification of Acids, Bases–Indicators: Natural, Chemical. PHScale - Role of PH in daily life-agriculture, medicine. Classification of salts based on affinity to water Examples of Acidic, Basic, Mixed, Complex, Neutral and double salts. Solutions - Types of solutions; solubility, ionization, Concentration; Oxidation number concept. Balancing of Redox reactions, Calculation of Concentrations. Titration and volumetric analysis. Stoichiometry.


XIII. Atomic Structure:


Electro magnetic spectrum, Atomic spectrum, Characteristics of electron, proton and neutron, Rutherford’s model of an atom, nature of electromagnetic radiation, Plank’s quantum mechanics, explanation of photo electric effect, features of atomic spectra, characteristics of hydrogen spectrum, Bohr’s theory of structure of atom, Bohr’s explanation of spectral lines, failure of Bohr’s theory, wave particle nature of electrons, de Broglie’s hypothesis, Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle, important features of the Quantum mechanical model of an atom, Quantum numbers, concept of orbitals, define an atomic orbital in terms of quantum numbers-shapes of s, p and d orbitals, n l x rule, Energies of electronic energy levels (n+l) rule state Auffbau principle, Pauli’s exclusive principle and Hund’s rule of maximum multiplicity, electronic configuration of atom, explanation of stability of half filled and completely filled orbital.


XIV. Periodic Classification of Elements:


Need for arrangement of elements in an organized manner. Historical background of classification of elements Doberiener’s Triads, Newland’s law of Octaves. Mendeleev’s Periodic Table (Achievements & Limitations).Mosley periodic table - based on electronic configuration. Characteristics of elements in groups and periods. The concept of grouping elements in accordance to their properties; the periodic law the signification of atomic number and electronic configuration as the basis per periodic classification. Classification of elements into s-block, p-block, d-block, f-block. and their main characteristics. Periodic trends in physical and chemical properties of elements.Study of different Groups of periodic table.


XV. Chemical Bonding:


Why do atoms combine? Electronic theory of Valence by Lewis and Kossel Octet Rule, Ionic and Covalent bonds: examples with Lewis Dot formulae Introduction of chemical bonding. Electronic Configuration of Noble gases.sigma, pi bond with examples. Shapes of molecules bond lengths and bond angles in molecules. Hybridization and explanation of H2O, BF3, CH4, NH3 etc. molecules. Hydrogen bonding and types of H-bonds.


XVI. Carbon and its Compounds:


Need to study of carbon compounds separately. Classification of Organic compounds Hydro carbons - Alkanes, alkenes, alkynes aromatic and aliphatic compounds with examples. Bonding in Carbon including Hybridization. Allotropes of Carbon.Versatile nature of carbon.Tetravalency, Chains, branches and rings.Catenation, Multiple bonding, Isomerism. Saturated and Unsaturated carbon compounds. Bonding of carbon with other elements. Functional groups in carbon compounds. Homologous series. Chemical properties of carbon compounds

Combustion and Oxidation. Addition reactions. Substitution reaction. Important carbon compounds. Nomenclature organic compounds.Carbohydrates and their classification. Proteins-examples, Oils and fats examples Polythene - Nylon, PVC, Polyvinyl alcohol; Rubber – uses in daily life.Polymers, and other important organic compounds.


XVII. Environmental Chemistry and Metallurgy


Different types of pollutions, acid rains, green chemistry, strategies to control environmental pollution. Occurrence of Metals. Minerals, Ores - Examples. Metallurgy - Processes involved in metallurgy. Extractions of metals – activity series and related metallurgy, flow chart of steps involved in the extraction of metals from ore. Refining metals, Electrolytic refining, Corrosion – Prevention of Corrosion. Alloys and their uses.


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